Bruce B, Fries JF. The Stanford health assessment questionnaire: a review of its history, issues, progress, and documentation. J Rheumatol. 2003;30:167-78.

Buckman R, Kason Y. How to Break Bad News: A Guide for Health Care Professionals. Baltimore, Md: Johns Hopkins University Press; 1992.

Lynn J. Nolan K. Kabcenell A. Weissman D. Milne C. Berwick DM. End-of-Life Care Consensus Panel. Reforming care for persons near the end of life: the promise of quality improvement. Annals of Internal Medicine. 137(2):117-22, 2002 Jul 16.

Lerner M. When, why and where people die. IN: E. Sneiderman, ed. Death, Current Perspectives. Palo Alto: Mayfield, 1976.

Kouwenhoven W. The development of the defibrillator. Ann Intern Med 1969; 71: 449-58.

The SUPPORT Principal Investigators. A controlled trial to improve care for seriously ill hospitalized patients: The study to understand prognoses and preferences for outcomes and risks of treatments (SUPPORT). JAMA 1995;274:1591-1598.

Lynn J. Goldstein NE. Advance care planning for fatal chronic illness: avoiding commonplace errors and unwarranted suffering. Annals of Internal Medicine. 138(10):812-8, 2003 May 20.

Teno JM. Now is the time to embrace nursing homes as a place of care for dying persons. Journal of Palliative Medicine. 6(2):293-6, 2003 Apr.

Teno JM. Clarridge BR. Casey V. Welch LC. Wetle T. Shield R. Mor V. Family perspectives on end-of-life care at the last place of care. JAMA. 291(1):88-93, 2004 Jan 7.

Reynolds K. Henderson M. Schulman A. Hanson LC. Needs of the dying in nursing homes. Journal of Palliative Medicine. 5(6):895-901, 2002 Dec.

Bernabei R, Gambassi G, Lapane K, et al. Management of pain in elderly patients with cancer. Journal of the American Medical Association. 1998;279:1877-1882.

Levy CR, Fish R, Kramer AM. Site of death in the hospital versus nursing home of Medicare skilled nursing facility residents admitted under Medicare’s Part A Benefit. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2004;52(8):1247-1254.

Saunders DC. Principles of symptom control in terminal care. Med Clin North Am. 1982;66:1169-1183.

Saunders C. A personal therapeutic journey. BMJ 1996 Dec 21-28;313(7072):1599-601.

Saunders C. The evolution of palliative care. Patient Educ Couns 2000 Aug 1;41(1):7-13.Also published in: Saunders C. The evolution of palliative care. J R Soc Med 2001 Sep;94(9):430-2

Singer PA, Martin DK, Kelner M. Quality end-of-life care: patients’ perspectives. JAMA. 1999;281:163-168.

Emanuel EJ, Fairclough DL, Slutsman J, Alpert H, Baldwin D, Emanuel LL. Assistance from family members, friends, paid care givers and volunteers in the care of terminally ill patients. N Engl J Med. 1999;341:956-963.

Emanuel EJ, Fairclough DL, Slutsman J, Emanuel LL. Understanding economic and other burdens of terminal illness: the experience of patients and their caregivers. Ann Intern Med. 2000;132:451-459.

Weiss SC, Emanuel LL, Fairclough DL, Emanuel EJ. Understanding the experience of pain in terminally ill patients. Lancet. 2001;357:1311-1315.

Steinhauser KE, Christakis NA, Clipp EC, McNeilly M, McIntyre L, Tulsky JA. Factors considered important at the end of life by patients, family, physicians, and other care providers. JAMA. 2000;284:2476-2482.

Portenoy RK, Thaler HT, Kornblith AB, et al. Symptom prevalence, characteristics and distress in a cancer population. Qual Life Res. 1994;3:183-189.

Institute of Medicine. Approaching Death: Improving Care at the End of Life. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1997:14-49.

Covinsky KE, Goldman L, Cook EF, et al. The impact of serious illness on patients’ families. JAMA. 1994;272:1839-1844.

Fries JF. Aging, natural death, and the compression of morbidity. N Engl J Med. 1980;303:130-5


Translate »