Distress References

Distress to Patients References

Bruera E, Schmitz B, Pither J, Neumann CM, Hanson J. The frequency and correlates of dyspnea in patients with advanced cancer. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2000;19(5):357-62.

Reuben DB, Mor V. Dyspnea in terminally ill cancer patients. Chest. 1986;89(2):234-6.

Ho SF, O’Mahony MS, Steward JA, Breay P, Buchalter M, Burr ML. Dyspnea and quality of life in older people at home. Age Ageing. 2001;30(2):155-9.

Mahler DA, Faryniarz K, Tomlinson D, et al. Impact of dyspnea and physiologic function on general health status in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Chest. 1992;102(2):395-401.

Edmonds P, Higginson I, Altmann D, Sen-Gupta G, McDonnell M. Is the presence of dyspnea a risk factor for morbidity in cancer patients? J Pain Symptom Manage. 2000;19(1):15-22.

Dahlen I, Janson C. Anxiety and depression are related to the outcome of emergency treatment in patients with obstructive pulmonary disease. Chest. 2002;122(5):1633-7.

Williams SJ, Bury MR. ‘Breathtaking’: the consequences of chronic respiratory disorder. Int Disabil Stud. 1989;11(3):114-20.

Escalante CP, Martin CG, Elting LS, et al. Dyspnea in cancer patients. Etiology, resource utilization, and survival-implications in a managed care world. Cancer. 1996;78(6):1314-9.

Nishimura K, Izumi T, Tsukino M, Oga T. Dyspnea is a better predictor of 5-year survival than airway obstruction in patients with COPD. Chest. 2002;121(5):1434-40.

Chang VT, Thaler HT, Polyak TA, Kornblith AB, Lepore JM, Portenoy RK. Quality of life and survival: the role of multidimensional symptom assessment. Cancer. 1998;83(1):173-9.

Maltoni M, Pirovano M, Scarpi E, et al. Prediction of survival of patients terminally ill with cancer. Results of an Italian prospective multicentric study. Cancer. 1995;75(10):2613-22.

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